The Dow Jones Industrial Average dipped 80 points as UnitedHealth underperformed. The S&P 500 dipped 0.5 percent, led lower by the communications services and tech sectors. The Nasdaq Composite pulled back 0.7 percent.
Facebook, Amazon, Netflix and Alphabet all traded down. The VanEck Vectors Semiconductor ETF (SMH) fell 1.1 percent. Micron was one of the biggest laggard in the SMH, sliding more than 3 percent.
Stocks fell to their lows of the session as U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer hinted that a trade deal was not yet certain, saying that any agreement would need to be more than just purchases by China. The deal would need to be specific and include a matter of enforcement, he said. Lighthizer also noted that it would be a “long process” to implement any deal agreed upon in March.
Lighthizer was testifying in front of the House Ways and Means committee. Trade tensions between the U.S. and China lowered this week after President Donald Trump pushed back a deadline on adding additional tariffs on Chinese goods.
Fed Chairman Jerome Powell testified in front of a House committee. On Tuesday, he told members of the Senate Banking Committee the central banks remains “patient” in its approach to monetary policy. Powell also described the U.S. economic outlook as “generally favorable ” but one that faces challenges from abroad.
“If his goal was to make it as boring as possible so as to not disturb markets, he succeeded,” said Ed Yardeni, president and chief investment strategist at Yardeni Research. “That’s a compliment because Powell’s previous off-the-cuff style caused a lot of market havoc. Powell has learned during his short tenure as Fed chairman that consistent messaging is key.”
The Fed has been caught in a market crossfire in the past several months, triggered by worries it was on a set policy path and would continue tightening even if conditions weakened.
However, more recently, officials have been conveying a message of patience with the future policy path, including both the approach to interest rates and to reducing the bonds the Fed holds on its balance sheet.
A slew of geopolitical issues also kept investors on edge.
Pakistan said it shot down two Indian jets and carried out air strikes in Kashmir. Tensions have been elevated since a suicide car bombing by Pakistan-based militants in Indian-controlled Kashmir killed at least 40 Indian paramilitary police on Feb. 14, but the risk of conflict rose dramatically on Tuesday when India launched an air strike on what it said was a militant training base.
Meanwhile, a summit between Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un got under way.
The Trump-Kim summit comes ahead of their second summit in less than a year, with investors monitoring whether the meeting can break a stalemate over Pyongyang’s nuclear weapons and end more than 70 years of hostility. Trump said he hoped the summit will be “equal or greater ” relative to last year’s meeting with Kim.
Shares of Lowe’s climbed more than 1 percent after releasing its quarterly results. The company also noted the U.S. economy remains “sound. ”
General Electric also rose 0.6 percent after Merrill analyst Andrew Obin said in a note that liabilities from GE Capital’s insurance business are “likely contained. ”
— CNBC’s Jeff Cox, Sam Meredith and Reuters contributed to this report.
The SPDR Dow Jones Industrial Average ETF (DIA) was trading at $259.87 per share on Wednesday afternoon, down $0.67 (-0.26%). Year-to-date, DIA has gained 5.92%, versus a 4.95% rise in the benchmark S&P 500 index during the same period.
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