Thailand has emerged as a strong economy among the emerging markets in the past few years. The country was one of the brighter spots in the first half this year when emerging markets have clearly been out of favor for investors.
This is especially true as the iShares MSCI Thailand Capped ETF (THD) delivered impressive annual returns of 19.38% (as of June 30) versus 2.06% for the broader iShares MSCI Emerging Markets ETF (EEM) and 0.83% for the Vanguard FTSE Emerging Markets ETF (VWO).
Though this was not enough, the product is a top performing nation from a five-year look with over 113% returns in the same period, suggesting that the country has not only held up well in the market uncertainty but has also been a long-term outperformer.
However, the recent trends indicate that the Thai economy has entered into a mild recession for the first time since global crisis. As such, the Thailand ETF lost about 10% in past two weeks and is down 14.7% in the year-to-date period (read: Avoid These 3 Emerging Market ETFs).
Like many other developing and emerging countries, Thailand has seen significant downturn of late on weak exports, sluggish domestic demand, struggling currency (the baht) and falling consumer confidence.
Further, the increased prospect of the Fed curbing its monetary stimulus on improving domestic economy led to a broad sell-off in the emerging markets. While India and Indonesia have been worst hit by the concerns, Malaysia and Thailand are also paving the way for the dwindling emerging economies.
The second most populous Southeast Asian economy surprisingly contracted 0.3% in the second quarter against the expected 0.2% growth. This is followed by revised 1.7% decline in the first quarter. Weaker-than-expected growth has compelled central banks to lower the growth projections for the economy.
The central bank of Thailand now projects economy to grow to 4.2% compared to the previous forecast of 5.1%. The central bank left its key rate unchanged at 2.50% during its latest policy meeting as worries over the rising household debt and high credit growth narrowed the prospect for lowering interest rates. The bank had made the last cut in its interest rates by 25 bps in May.
In such a gloomy backdrop, the country’s main benchmark has seen double-digit loss over the past few weeks. Furthermore, the nation’s currency, the baht, has also plunged, and is now at a three-year low against the greenback. This trend is likely to continue if the Fed starts tapering and the Thai economy doesn’t improve.
THD in Focus
The fund tracks the MSCI Thailand IMI 25/50 Index, having amassed nearly $654 million in its asset base. Volume is pretty good at roughly 290,000 shares a day on average, probably ensuring no additional cost beyond the expense ratio of 0.62%. Despite this, the ETF has seen outflows of more than $100 million in the past few weeks.
Holding 112 securities in its basket, the fund is somewhat concentrated from both a sector and an individual security perspective. Financials comprise more than one-third of the total assets while energy companies make up another fifth. Beyond this, materials, telecoms and consumer staples round out the rest of the top five, making up a combined 26.6%.