One of the more recent episodes focused on the concept of trying to predict or count on a specific outcome in the future.
You see, if you were a betting man, you would understand that now trumps later every time.
The future is a sucker’s bet– a maybe, a contingency, a “What if?”
The only thing that is real is the present.
-Raymond Reddington, The Blacklist, NBC
These lines immediately came to mind when I started reading the 2016 market predictions from some of the major banks. Goldman Sachs is forecasting that the market will finish next year near the flat line, while Bank of America is striking a slightly more optimistic tone with a conservative 4-5% gain.
These banks employ legions of bright minds with incalculable modeling power to come out with these forecasts. Yet at the end of the day, I would venture to guess there is probably a small clan of stodgy economists and market watchers who put together these “firm views”. It may ultimately be more of a gut feeling rather than a true analysis of the exponential variables involved.
I think it’s important to remember that the stock market doesn’t care what your price target is.
Particularly in a year that is going to see the first real impact of fiscal tightening in nearly a decade. Don’t forget that we are also going to be electing a new president next year as well. Those are just the major events we KNOW are coming. Add in the countless rounds of corporate earnings, economic data releases, government policy, social trends, and other unforeseeable events and the picture becomes quite murky. These components are what make up the “wall of worry” that stocks are so famous for scaling.
I don’t have a precise view on where we are going to finish 2016. I’m more focused on the process it will take to successfully navigate my clients’ portfolios to that end zone. That means focusing on the present and the facts or variables we have in front of us right now rather than the best guesses of Wall Street’s elite. Price is the ultimate arbiter of reality.
I will certainly have some favored vehicles that I plan on entering the year with and will share those in an upcoming post. However, like all good plans, it may require some modest adjustments as conditions change along the way. There are going to be areas of the portfolio that will need to be trimmed or bolstered in order to keep the ship steady in continuously swirling seas.
Even buy-and-hold investors will be forced to do some soul searching on what to do with dividends, when to re-balance, or what adjustments may be needed to their overall asset allocation. Focusing on the things that are in your control will create a stable platform to build and compound your wealth no matter what the stock market does from year to year.
If you feel like you have been coasting by to this point or aren’t as adequately prepared with an investment plan as you should be, start by following some of these concepts:
Define your goals. This is one of the first things I ask new clients. Determine a realistic rate of return and write it down. That way you can benchmark if you are on track to meet your goal and can visualize an objective that you are working towards. The key word in this bullet point is “realistic”. Everyone wants 20% compounded returns with no risk, but in the real world that doesn’t exist. For some the goal may be capital preservation with just a couple of percent upside, while others may desire significant growth of 10% or more. That number will guide the risk that you will need to take in order to achieve a satisfactory outcome.
Review your prior results. Take a step back for a moment and calculate your returns relative to a benchmark over the last several years. Determine if you have been able to maintain correlation with the market, have outperformed, or fallen short of your goals. This will help identify any structural flaws with your current investment structure. Common areas of weak performance include high fees, unconventional asset classes, and poor investment advice. This self-examination exercise will automatically provoke the impulse for change if your results have been underwhelming.
Create a watch list. Start a list of important stocks or bonds that you want to keep track of on a daily or weekly basis. This may include areas of your portfolio that you want to gain exposure to or even large holdings that you want to keep a sharp eye on. A well maintained watch list will ensure you always have fresh ideas in the event an opportunity such as a swift correction in the market arises. My own watch list includes the major indices alongside a lengthy list of individual sector ETFs in nearly every asset class.
Write down your investment plan. No one really sees the important of having defined rules or a workable process when the market is relatively calm. Trust me: the time for preparation is before the shit hits the fan, not after. You don’t want to be the person who touts what a great indexer they are until that 12% correction hits and they capitulate by selling everything at the low. I’ve seen it happen and it’s not pretty. Put pen to paper on what investment tools you will use, what guidelines will trigger a buy or sell, and what your preferred method will be for dealing with stressful situations in the market. It’s only a matter of when, not if they happen.
Organize and execute your strategy. There is only so much planning, analysis, and back testing that can go into an investment plan. Once you have all that out of the way, it’s time to put it to work using real money. For my clients, I use a mix of low-cost ETFs and select mutual funds to create a balanced asset allocation structure. I then allow enough flexibility to reduce risk or capitalize on new opportunities as needed. Each change to the portfolio is made in incremental steps and calculated to ensure we stay on track to meet our goals.
The Bottom Line
Creating a plan of attack for 2016 doesn’t have to be overly complicated. The only certainty is that a successful outcome will require time, tools, and discipline. Those who spend time on adequate preparation will be well equipped to meet nearly anything the market throws our way.
This article is brought to you courtesy of David Fabian.