Chris Ciovacco: The stock market has operated with Fed assistance for a lengthy period relative to historical standards. Wednesday, the Fed sent a message they intend to stay on the taper path, which creates uncertainty. From Bloomberg:
It was the first meeting without a dissent since June 2011, showing the tapering strategy has brought together policy makers concerned the Fed’s record $4.1 trillion balance sheet risks causing asset price bubbles with those who, like Vice Chairman Yellen, say more needs to be done to reduce unemployment. “The Fed is staying the course,” said Guy Berger, an economist at RBS Securities Inc. in Stamford, Connecticut. “The hurdle for backing away from the implicit stair-step taper that they’ve suggested, which we view as roughly $10 billion per month, and winding down the program in September, is pretty high.”
Aggregate Opinion Sets Asset Prices
The market’s pricing mechanism, based on the aggregate opinion of every investor around the globe, allows us to compare economic confidence in late 2007 to the present day. If you prefer, a more direct way to say it is charts enable us to monitor the conviction that stocks will push higher relative to the conviction that stocks will fall. The aggregate investor opinion is based on the aggregate interpretation of the economy, earnings, Fed policy, etc. The previous sentence helps us understand the concept that the fundamentals are reflected in the charts.
2007 vs. 2014
The S&P 500, or price, is like an economic poll where investors vote with their wallets. The blue line in the charts below is the 50-day moving average, which is used to filter out day-to-day volatility, allowing us to focus on the intermediate-term trend of investor confidence. It is easy to see the present state of economic/market confidence is much healthier than it was in 2007 (compare the first chart to the second). However, the 2014 flat 50-day (see orange line) speaks to a relatively evenly matched battle between bullish economic conviction and bearish economic conviction.
Indecisiveness Says ‘Pay Closer Attention’
Markets eventually migrate one way or another from an indecisive state. Said another way: 50-day moving averages do not stay flat forever. Therefore, it is prudent to have contingency plans in place for a big move in stocks (up or down).