Sweta Killa: After smooth trading in May and June, oil resumed its decline and trapped in the nastiest downward spiral in July joining the broader selloff in commodities amid growing global glut and the China slowdown. In fact, U.S. crude oil lost nearly 21% in July, which was the worst month since October 2008.
Inside the Recent Slump
The brutal trading on Monday can be attributed to the increase in the number of rig counts, weak China manufacturing data, and downbeat U.S. economic data on manufacturing and construction spending that suggests tepid oil demand growth around the world.
China manufacturing activity unexpectedly fell to a two-year low in July, adding to worries on the world’s second-largest economy. Meanwhile, U.S. manufacturing also slipped in July and consumer spending advanced at its slowest pace in four months in June, indicating that the world’s largest economy is losing momentum yet again.
Coming to supply side, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is pumping up maximum oil in the recent past buoyed up by higher output from Iraq and Saudi Arabia. It is currently producing about 32 million barrels a day against its target of 30 million barrels a day. Additionally, Iran, the world’s fourth-largest reserve holder with 158 billion barrels of crude oil, is gearing up to boost its production immediately after sanctions are lifted, which is expected in late November.
As per the Iran oil minister, Bijan Namdar Zanganeh, production will likely increase by 500,000 barrels a day within a week after relaxation in sanctions and by 1 million barrels a day within a month. Further, oil production in the U.S. has been on the rise and is hovering around its record level.
Terrible trading has been felt in the ETF world as well, sending oil ETFs tracking the futures contract in deep red from a one-month look. In particular, iPath S&P GSCI Crude Oil Index ETN (NYSEARCA:OIL) stole the show tumbling 19.6%, followed by over 17% declines in United States Oil Fund (NYSEARCA:USO), iPath Pure Beta Crude Oil ETN (NYSEARCA:OLEM) and United States Brent Oil Fund (NYSEARCA:BNO).
Two of the most popular leveraged oil ETFs – ProShares Ultra Bloomberg Crude Oil ETF (NYSEARCA:UCO) and VelocityShares 3x Long Crude Oil ETN (NYSEARCA:UWTI) – dropped 46.4% and 33%, respectively, in the same time frame. The former provides twice the return of the daily performance of the Bloomberg WTI Crude Oil Subindex while the latter delivers thrice the returns of the S&P GSCI Crude Oil Index Excess Return. Both indices consist of WTI crude oil futures contracts.
What Lies Ahead?
With deteriorating demand/supply dynamics, the prospect of an oil price rebound in the second half looks faded. In fact, there is a clear sign that oil price might revisit its previous low of the year, pushing the oil ETFs further down.