David Fabian: The last week and a half has certainly been a roller coaster ride of emotions in the stock market. After a 3-day sell off that culminated in extreme levels of fear, broad-based equity benchmarks managed to stage a sharp rally that has alleviated (some) feelings of panic.
By the numbers, the SPDR S&P 500 ETF (NYSEARCA:SPY) fell 12% from all-time July high to the depths of the August lows. It has subsequently rebounded half of that decline as we head into the first days of September.
While there is still a great deal of work to be done in order to recoup the full extent of those losses, examining how your portfolio performed in the midst of the chaos can be a helpful exercise. Many investors may be surprised at how deeply their accounts fell despite the intention of having a relatively balanced or even conservative asset allocation.
The Shock Absorber Is Missing In Action
One of the most underwhelming asset classes during this sell off in stocks has been the lack of performance in high quality bonds. Since SPY peaked on July 20, theiShares U.S. Aggregate Bond ETF (NYSEARCA:AGG) has gained just 0.39%. This weak follow through was mirrored in the iShares Investment Grade Corporate Bond ETF (NYSEARCA:LQD) and iShares 7-10 Year Treasury Bond ETF (NYSEARCA:IEF), which gained a timid 0.19% and 1.57% respectively.
Typically, during periods of extreme stock market volatility, we see a flight to quality in bonds that helps cushion the draw down in our portfolios. This is one of the primary benefits of multi-asset diversification and helps alleviate overwhelming conviction in a single high risk outcome. Those who have come to rely on the strength of bonds during a sell off have been let down over the last several weeks.
Put simply, if your bonds aren’t marginally offsetting the losses in stocks, you are going to feel the pain of those losses more acutely.
In my opinion, most of this indecision in the bond market is due to three factors:
- We had a strong sell off in Treasury yields (jump in bond prices) during June and July that left fixed-income investors near the high end of relative valuations. This put the bond market in a precarious spot right as the mini stock storm descended.
- Many investors in stocks are wary about transitioning to high quality bonds in front of a near-term interest rate hike by the Federal Reserve. After 6 years of zero interest rate policy, there is no way to know exactly how the fixed-income markets will react to this first adjustment.
- The CBOE 10-Year Treasury Note Yield (TNX) jumped sharply higher as stocks staged a comeback late last week. This may point towards an opportunistic rotation out of bonds and back into stocks for those that were looking for a spot to buy well off the recent highs or feared missing out on a V-shaped recovery.
The Bottom Line
Most aggregate bond funds are sitting near the flat-line for the year and have yet to participate in a meaningful way for 2015.