expenses, of 300% of the inverse (or opposite) of the performance of the Market Vectors Junior Gold Miners Index. The Index is composed of equity securities of issuers involved in the exploration and production of gold and does not track changes in the spot price of gold as a commodity.
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses After Expense Cap/Reimbursement: 1.00%
Principal Investment Strategies
The Fund, under normal circumstances, creates short positions by investing at least 80% of its assets in: futures contracts; options on securities, indices and futures contracts; equity caps, floors and collars; swap agreements; forward contracts; short positions; reverse repurchase agreements; exchange-traded funds (“ETFs”); and other financial instruments that, in combination, provide leveraged and unleveraged exposure to the Market Vectors Junior Gold Miners Index (“Index”). The Fund invests the remainder of its assets in short-term debt instruments that have terms-to-maturity of less than 397 days and exhibit high quality credit profiles, including U.S. government securities and repurchase agreements. The Fund does not invest in equity securities.
The Index tracks the performance of Small and mid capitalization companies in the global gold and silver mining industry, as identified by the index provider. The Index includes companies from financial markets that are freely investable to foreign investors, including “emerging markets,” as that term is defined by the index provider. In general, the principal supplies of gold are concentrated in only five countries or territories: Australia, Canada, Russia and certain other former Soviet Union countries, South Africa and the United States.
The Index includes only small- or mid-cap companies that generate, or demonstrate the potential to generate, at least 50% of their revenues from gold or silver mining, hold real property that has the potential to produce at least 50% of the company’s revenue from gold or silver mining when developed, or primarily invest in gold or silver. As of December 31, 2012, approximately 86.6% of the Index was comprised of securities of companies that are involved in the gold mining industry.
In addition, stocks must meet strict size and liquidity requirements: The full market capitalisation has to exceed 150 million in U.S. dollars, the three months average-daily-trading volume must be higher than 1.0 million in U.S. dollars and the stocks must have traded least 250,000 shares per month over the last six months.
The Index is calculated with the stock prices converted to U.S. dollars in real-time. The Index is reviewed quarterly and changes are implemented on the third Friday of every quarter-end month (i.e. March, June, September and December). Changes become effective on the next trading day.
The Fund may gain exposure to only a representative sample of the securities in the Index that have aggregate characteristics similar to those of the Index. The Fund gains this exposure by investing in a combination of financial instruments that, in combination, provide exposure to the underlying securities of the Index. The Fund seeks to remain fully invested at all times consistent with its stated goal. At the close of the markets each trading day, Rafferty positions the Fund’s portfolio so that its exposure to the Index is consistent with the Fund’s investment objective. The impact of the Index’s movements during the day will affect whether the Fund’s portfolio needs to be re-positioned. For example, if the Index has fallen on a given day, net assets of the Fund should rise, meaning that the Fund’s exposure will need to be increased. Conversely, if the Index has risen on a given day, net assets of the Fund should fall, meaning the Fund’s exposure will need to be reduced. This re-positioning strategy typically results in high portfolio turnover.
Because of daily rebalancing and the compounding of each day’s return over time, the return of the Fund for periods longer than a single day will be the result of each day’s returns compounded over the period, which will very likely differ from –300% of the return of the Index over the same period. The Fund will lose money if the Index performance is flat over time, and as a result of daily rebalancing, the Index’s volatility and the effects of compounding, it is even possible that the Fund will lose money over time while the Index’s performance decreases.
Additionally, because a significant portion of the assets of the Fund may come from investors using “asset allocation” and “market timing” investment strategies, the Fund may further need to engage in frequent trading. The Fund will concentrate its investment in a particular industry or group of industries to approximately the same extent as the Index is so concentrated.
You can find the complete prospectus: Here
Related: Market Vectors Junior Gold Miners ETF (NYSEARCA:GDXJ), SPDR Gold Trust (ETF) (NYSEARCA:GLD)